Lorem ipsum dolor sit admeit

Lorem, ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Aut iste asperiores dolorum quos dicta accusamus voluptatibus autem, saepe, iure praesentium accusantium consequatur, deleniti sequi nesciunt! Quam esse optio neque exercitationem.
 

Lorem ipsum dolor sit admeit

Lorem, ipsum dolor sit amet consectetur adipisicing elit. Aut iste asperiores dolorum quos dicta accusamus voluptatibus autem, saepe, iure praesentium accusantium consequatur, deleniti sequi nesciunt! Quam esse optio neque exercitationem.

Viable but not Culturable State

The mechanism of inhibition of contact-dependent growth allows some bacteria to inhibit the growth of other bacteria nearby

Bacterial Resistance

Contamination, infection and fouling

Search for active composites is about an effective solution against bacterial contamination of medical devices

Viruses as Contaminants

The viral infection is a significant risk to laboratory personnel. Steam sterilization effectively destroys viruses

Prions

The prion protein responsible for transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs) can be denatured by autoclaving

Pyrogens and Bacterial Endotoxins

Endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide) are pyrogenic (cause fever), and are more difficult to remove the bacterial cells

Other Methods of sterilization

Sterilization methods include dry heat sterilization, irradiation, sterilization with ethylene oxide and peracetic acid

Sterilization of spores and toxins

An overview of sterilisation methods for the sterilisation of spores endotoxins, exotoxins and pyrogenes

Theory of Sterilization

Theoretical aspects of the autoclave. Combined effects of temperature and pressure in a steam autoclaving

Definition of Sterilization

Sterilization – process that eliminates or kills all forms of microorganisms and infectious proteins such as prions

Autoclaving Prions

Sterilizing prions requires denaturation to prevent induction of abnormal folding of normal prions

Autoclave Guide - Introduction to the CertoClav knowledge base

CertoClav Autoclave guide provides information about the functioning, operating and maintenance of autoclave sterilizers and the sterilization process

Autoclave operation, functioning and cleaning

The principles of autoclave operation: loading, operating and unloading the autoclave, malfunctions and spill clean-up indications

Potential risks and safety rules for autoclaving

Steam autoclaves use high pressure and temperature steam for sterilization which is linked to potential safety issues for autoclave operators

Chemical and biological autoclave indicators

How to validate that the autoclave is working properly? Autoclave indicators – chemical and biological indicators

Introduction

How does a steam autoclave work?

A steam autoclave is designed to work with high temperature and pressure to sterilize microorganisms